Food and sustainability

2016 - IFAD

Rural Development Report 2016 - Fostering inclusive rural transformation

In a rapidly changing world with a growing demand for food, what role can policies and investments play in transforming rural areas and eradicating poverty?

2016 - FAO

Forest and Farm Producer Organizations: Operating Systems for the SDGs

Evidence is growing that farm and forest producer organizations are at the heart of sustainable rural development, because it is only through organized groups that locally-controlled forestry can be scaled up to meet growing global demand for forest products, including environmental services and non-timber items. Forest and farm producer organizations can have a unique role in delivering the SDGs worldwide: although they are ‘merely’ local organizations they are capable of contributing to universal goals.

2016 - FCRN & FAO

Dietary Guidelines & Pyramids

While many developed countries have developed food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG), developing countries did not, or are not updating them. This report analyzes the existing FBDG, the extent to which sustainability have been integrated into them, the motivation leading to their incorporation and the results and policy action stemmed from them, as well as providing suggestions to develop environmentally-conscious FDBGs.–-developments-national-healthy-and-sustainable

2016 - United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)

Monitoring the shift to sustainable consumption and production patterns in the context of the Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP)

Achieving Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) patterns has been recognized as an integral part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It is identified as a stand-alone Su stainable Development Goal and as a central component of many of the 17 goals and 169 targets agreed in the agenda.

2016 - Massari S., Allievi F.

The Milan Protocol: challenges and promises for a better future. Food Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp.1-13

This article shows the BCFN Milan Protocol, a policy document that aims to be implemented at a global level and has a mission to improve the overall sustainability of the food sector.

2015 - United Nations

Sustainable development goals #11- Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

The challenges cities face can be overcome in ways that allow them to continue to thrive and grow, while improving resource use and reducing pollution and poverty.

2015 - United Nations

Sustainable development goals #12- Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Sustainable consumption and production aim at “doing more and better with less” increasing net welfare gains from economic activities by reducing resource use, degradation and pollution along the whole lifecycle, while increasing quality of life. It involves different stakeholders, including business, consumers, policy makers, researchers, scientists, retailers, media, and development cooperation agencies, among others.

2015 - Lundqvist, J., Grönwall, J. and Jägerskog, A.

Water, food security and human dignity – a nutrition perspective. Ministry of Enterprise and Innovation, Swedish FAO Committee, Stockholm

This is the tenth volume in the Swedish FAO Committee’s series of discussion papers. It discusses the importance of water in ensuring food security. In fact, because agriculture accounts for the majority of freshwater resource withdrawals, more efficient use of water in agricultural production is a necessity.

2015 - Lester B., et al.

The great transition: shifting from fossil fuels to solar and wind energy

As fossil fuel resources shrink, as air pollution worsens, and as concerns about climate instability cast a shadow over the future of coal, oil, and natural gas, a new world energy economy is emerging. The old economy, fueled largely by coal and oil, is being replaced with one powered by solar and wind energy.

2015 - Principato L., Secondi L., Pratesi C.A.

Reducing food waste: an investigation on the behavior of Italian youths. British Food Journal, Vol. 117 Iss: 2, pp.731 – 748

The purpose of this paper is to assess the knowledge of youths concerning food waste as well as to identify factors that influence changes in behaviour concerning food wasted and planning shopping for preventing it.

2015 - Secondi L., Principato L., Laureti T.

Household food waste behaviour in EU-27 countries: A multilevel analysis. Food Policy, Volume 56, October 2015, Pages 25–40

Starting from the analysis of the main regulations and initiatives at various administrative levels and by introducing a two-level framework for modelling complex household food waste behaviour, this paper aims at investigating the behaviour of EU-27 citizens towards food waste by referring to the 2013 Flash Eurobarometer survey (n. 388). The multilevel statistical perspective enabled the authors to jointly consider factors at both individual and contextual levels as potential variables associated with food waste.

2015 - Burchi F, De Muro P.

From food availability to nutritional capabilities: advancing food security analysis. Food Policy, in press

This paper has a threefold objective. First, it provides a comprehensive review of different approaches to analysing food security. Second, it highlights the added value provided by the capability approach and the human development paradigm. Third, it proposes a methodology to assess food security through this approach.

2015 - Sweedish FAO Committee

Water, food security and human dignit

Water availability varies tremendously between countries, local areas and over time as a consequence of hydrological and natural circumstances. This discussion paper examines the importance of water in ensuring food security.

2015 - European Commission

Food security, sustainable agriculture and forestry, marine and maritime and inland water research and the bioeconomy

The overall objective of this Work Programme is to help set Europe on a solid basis to sustain food security, the natural resource base and sustainable growth path, adapting and innovating to find resilient and efficient alternatives to our fossil-based economy.

2014 - FAO

The state of food and agriculture. Innovation in family farming

We need family farms to ensure global food security, to care for and protect the natural environment and to end poverty, undernourishment and malnutrition. These goals can be thoroughly achieved if public policies support family farms to become more productive and sustainable.

2014 - European Commission

A partnership between Europe and farmers

Environmentally sustainable farming, which uses natural resources prudently, is essential for our food production and for our quality of life today, tomorrow and for future generations.

2014 - CFS (Committee on World Food Security)

Sustainable fisheries and aquaculture for food security and nutrition

This report provides insights on what needs to be done to achieve sustainable fisheries and aquaculture, in order to strengthen their positive impact on food and nutrition security.

2014 - FAO

Knowledge and Information for Sustainable Food Systems. A Workshop of the FAO/UNEP Programme on Sustainable Food Systems

The joint FAO/UNEP Workshop on Knowledge and Information for Sustainable Food Systems aimed at building capacity for the uptake of more sustainable consumption and production practices across food systems bringing together existing initiatives and developing new partnerships to build synergies and cooperation towards mutual objectives.

2014 - FAO

Assessing sustainable diets within the sustainability of food systems. Mediterranean diet, organic food: new challenges

The interest for sustainable diets is markedly increasing within the broader and complex context of the sustainability of the food systems. The International Workshop aims to address two pressing needs: 1) create a scientific debate on how to address the question of sustainable diets; 2) finalize sustainable diets using the Mediterranean diet as a case study.

2014 - FAO

Mediterranean food consumption patterns. Diet, environment, society, economy and health

Today, the main concern for the Mediterranean food and agricultural sector is to provide simultaneously enough food, in quantity and quality, to meet the nutritional needs of a growing population and to conserve natural resources for future generations.

2014 - FAO

A regional rice strategy for sustainable food security in Asia and in the Pacific

The main aim of this strategy document is to provide evidence-based strategic guidelines to member nations to help them (1) develop and adjust their rice sector strategies in the light of broader regional and global trends and national priorities and (2) choose among key strategic options while considering the implied trade-offs (or consequences)

2014 - FCRN

What is sustainable healthy diet?

This paper examines what constitutes a sustainable diet and looks at how stakeholders have engaged in these discussions. Moreover it considers these issues in relation to the major food groups that constitute our diets.

2014 - AFSA Africa

Land and seed laws under attack. Who is pushing changes in Africa?

A battle is raging for control of resources in Africa and, water, seeds, minerals, ores, forests, oil, renewable energy sources. Agriculture is one of the most important theatres of this battle. Governments, corporations, foundations and development agencies are pushing hard to commercialise and industrialise African farming.

2014 - WWF

L’impronta idrica dell’Italia

Negli ultimi anni il problema del consumo idrico e della sua gestione sono diventati temi sempre più centrali nel dibattito sulla sostenibilità globale, anche alla luce della crescente carenza idrica planetaria. Un’adeguata qualità delle risorse idriche non è solo un prerequisito per il benessere delle società umane, ma anche per quello degli ecosistemi naturali che svolgono funzioni essenziali per l’esistenza umana e per la vita sulla terra nel suo complesso.

2013 - FAO

Food wastage footprint. Impacts on natural resources

Food wastage represents a missed opportunity to improve global food security, but also to mitigate environmental impacts and resources used from food chains. This study analyses the impact of global food wastage from an environmental perspective.

2013 - FAO

Voluntary standards for sustainable food systems: challenges and opportunities

This workshop considered voluntary standards from different points of views in order to better understand and address the needs of the various stakeholders in order to facilitate the uptake and scaling up of voluntary standards for sustainable food systems.

2013 - WWF

Quanta natura sprechiamo? Le pressioni ambientali degli sprechi alimentari in Italia

WWF Italia ha lanciato il programma One Planet Food dedicato a promuovere modelli alimentari a basso impatto ambientale e a migliorare il rapporto del cibo con il Pianeta.

2013 - African Biodiversity Network

Seeds for life. Scaling up agro-biodiversity

The paper illustrates the strategies to revive the diversity of seed that has been lost from the world’s fiends, and to support the knowledge and diversity that remains.

2013 - IFAD

Partnerships, value chains and inclusive growth: pro-poor options for sustainable development

This paper identifies the main drivers of inclusive value chains and the sustainability of value chains, and addresses engagement with the private sector in this regard. It considers also the ways to ensure that smallholder farmers’ voices are included in the international policy debate.

2012 - CIHEAM – FAO

Towards the Development of Guidelines for Improving the Sustainability of Diets and Food Consumption Patterns in the Mediterranean Area

Today, the main challenge for the food and agricultural sector is to simultaneously provide enough food, in quantity and quality, to meet nutritional needs and to conserve the natural resources for present and future generations.

2012 - UNEP

The critical role of global food consumption patterns in achieving sustainable food systems and food for all

This paper examines the largely unexplored impacts of food consumption patterns on the sustainable productivity of the agricultural resource base and in turn, food security.

2012 - United Nations System High Level Task Force on Global Food Security

Food and nutrition security for all through sustainable agriculture and food systems

Ending hunger and malnutrition is an essential part of sustainable development. At the same time sustainable agriculture, rural development and social protection are key building blocks for economies to become greener.

2012- CFS (Committee on World Food Security)

Food security and climate chang

With many of the resources needed for sustainable food security already stretched, the food security challenges are huge. Climate change will make it even harder to overcome them, as it reduces the productivity of the majority of existing food systems and harms the livelihoods of those already vulnerable to food insecurity.

2012 - FAO

Improving food systems for sustainable diets in a green economy

The green economy aims to improve human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities. As such, it also aims to reduce imbalances between countries in consumption and diets.

2012 - FAO

Towards the future we want. End hunger and make the transition to sustainable agricultural and food systems

Healthy ecosystems must be resilient and productive, and provide the goods and services needed to meet current societal needs and desires without jeopardizing the options for future generations to benefit from the full range of goods and services provided by terrestrial, aquatic and marine ecosystems.

2012 - United Nations

Agriculture development and food security

This report examines the challenges of achieving food and nutrition security and provides an update on progress in implementing sustainable agricultural policies and practices Report on Agriculture Development and Food Security.pdf

2012 - United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)

Global outlook on sustainable consumption and production policies

The necessary shift to sustainable consumption and production (SCP) patterns will do much to improve the lives of some of the world’s poorest people, as well as protect the rich resources that nature provides. These are essential requirements for sustainable development. Outlook on SCP Policies FULL.pdf

2011 - European Commission, SCAR (Standing Committee on Agricultural Research)

Sustainable food consumption and production in a resource-constrained world

This study analyzes expected environmental and resource issues impacting on long-term food security and the implications for future agricultural research in Europe.

2011 - Harvard University


Harvard sustainable plan aims to develop sustainable and healthful food standards that support personal well-being, local communities, and contribute to the long-term health of the environment.

2010 - FAO - Bioversity International

Sustainable diets and biodiversity: directions and solutions for policy, research, and action

This publication presents the state of the art concerning sustainable diets and biodiversity.

2010 - Asia Society

Never and empty bowl: sustaining food security in Asia

To help bring about food security for Asia, the report calls for creating innovative public-private partnerships, as well as ventures involving government, civil society, and donor organizations. The report also recommends establishing a coordinating center for food security activities in Asia, which would document long-run food security challenges and identify appropriate responses.

2009 - IFAD

Sustainability of rural development projects

This paper It suggests a theoretical framework for approaching the concept of sustainability and its definition as applied to the design and implementation of IFAD-funded operations.


United Nations Environment Programme

This repository gives open access to UNEP’s publications, technical and assessment reports, guidelines, newsletters, journal articles and other types of information material. The repository complies with interoperability standards and supports optimal content search.


Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IPCC is a leading international body for the assessment of climate change. It was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1988 to provide the world with a clear scientific view on the current state of knowledge in climate change and its potential environmental and socio-economic impacts.


World Resources Institute

WRI is an independent, nonprofit organization with a global staff of more than 450 scientists, economists, policy experts, business analysts, statistical analysts, mapmakers, and communicators developing and promoting policies with the intention of protecting the Earth and improving people’s lives.


Healthy and sustainable food

The Center was founded in 1996 to study and promote a wider understanding of the human health consequences of global environmental change.


The Stockholm International Water Institute

Founded in 1991, the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) provides and promotes water wise solutions for sustainable development in five thematic areas: water governance, trans boundary water management, climate change and water, the water-energy-food nexus, and water economics.

Global Footprint Network

Global Footprint Network

Global Footprint Network provides tools and programs that can help countries thrive in a resource-constrained world. Decision-makers are employing Ecological Footprint accounting to manage their ecological capital, both now and for the future.


United States Environmental Protection Agency

The EPA is an agency of the United States federal government whose mission is to protect human and environmental health. Headquartered in Washington, D.C., the EPA is responsible for conducting environmental assessment, research and education to create and enforce standards and laws that will promote the health of individuals and the environment.


International Fund for Agricultural Development

IFAD is a specialized agency of the United Nations, which is dedicated to eradicating rural poverty in developing countries. Seventy-five per cent of the world's poorest people - 1.4 billion women, children and men - live in rural areas and depend on agriculture and related activities for their livelihoods.


United States Department of Agriculture

The Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) is the public health agency in the U.S. Department of Agriculture responsible for ensuring that the nation's commercial supply of meat, poultry, and egg products is safe, wholesome, and correctly labeled and packaged.


Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

OECD is a unique forum where the governments of 34 democracies with market economies work with each other, as well as with more than 70 non-member economies to promote economic growth, prosperity, and sustainable development.


Australian International Food Security Centre

The AIFSC is a non-profit organization that works to promote agricultural innovation and attract investment to agricultural development projects. Aiming to build capacity for farming initiatives worldwide, AIFSC focuses on achieving specific goals like improving nutrition, connecting researchers with industry, and enhancing supply chain systems to allow farmers to bring their products to market.


Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy

IATP is a research and advocacy organization working to promote fair and sustainable food, farm, and trade systems around the world.

Food Tank

Food Tank is focused on building a global community for safe, healthy, nourished eaters. They spotlight environmentally, socially, and economically sustainable ways of alleviating hunger, obesity, and poverty and create networks of people, organizations, and content to push for food system change.

Pavan Sukhdev

He is an environmental economist whose field of studies include green economy and international finance. He was the Special Adviser and Head of UNEP’s Green Economy Initiative, a major UN project suite to demonstrate that greening of economies is not a burden on growth but rather a new engine for growing wealth, increasing decent employment, and reducing persistent poverty.

Barbara Buchner

Dr. Barbara Buchner is Senior Director of Climate Policy Initiative. She leads CPI’s global climate finance program and directs the Venice office’s research and operations.

Hans Rudolf Herren

Hans Rudolf Herren

Hans Rudolf Herren is a Swiss entomologist, farmer and development specialist. Herren is the president and CEO of the Washington-based Millennium Institute and co-founder and president of the Swiss foundation Biovision.

Tony Allan

Tony Allan

John Anthony Allan, sometime cited as Tony Allan, is a British geographer. He was awarded the Stockholm Water Prize in 2008 for his revolutionary virtual water concept.
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