Sustainable agriculture and climate change - Agriculture is an excellent testing ground to launch effective processes for mitigating global warming.

The agricultural sector is one of the main producers of greenhouse gases, and at the same time, is perhaps the socio-economic sector that will suffer the most serious consequences of global climate change. But it is for this reason that agriculture is an excellent testing ground to launch effective processes for mitigating global warming.

Several studies have analyzed the effects and showed the main findings of ongoing climate change. It is highly likely that global climate change will generate different impacts on regional, physical, and biological systems, and the gravity of these impacts will vary considerably in relation to the increase in the average temperature in the different regions involved. The main socio-ecosystem sectors subject to potential impacts are the water sector (a reduction in the availability of water resources is deemed likely in many regions), ecosystems and biodiversity (an increased risk of extinction for crop and also animal species is likely), the coastal system (coasts will be exposed to greater risks, including erosion, due to the forecasted rise in sea level and the occurrence of exceptional events), the healthcare sector (exposure to climate change will likely impact peoples’ health), and the agricultural and food sector (projections indicate changes in agricultural and forestry production, and in the availability of food products).

The agricultural sector also contributes climate change and is among the sectors most affected by global warming. However, agriculture could become an essential part of the solution to the problems of climate change: It is estimated that the potential of global mitigation from the agricultural sector amounts to about 5.5-6 Gt of CO2 equivalent to the year 2030, 89% of which will be through maintaining and increasing the capacity to absorb organic carbon in land and vegetation, and approximately 11% is expected from emission reduction.
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