Obesity and malnutrition - The paradox of food for our children

The phenomenon of childhood obesity continues to grow in industrialized and emerging nations, greatly affecting the increase of diseases in adolescents and adults. Today, the number of obese children at a global level is greater than those malnourished: 155 million compared to 148 million. Why is this happening and how can we control this phenomenon?

The size of this phenomenon has reached disturbing proportions — 155 million school age children, or 1 in 10, around the world are overweight or obese; while 148 million overweight children under 5 years of age are malnourished,  equal to 25% of the world population.

In developing countries, childhood undernourishment and malnutrition continue to exist. At the same time, in many emerging countries current diets allow part of the population to become obese and the remaining portion to be undernourished and malnourished. It is therefore important – starting in early childhood – to adopt the appropriate dietary behaviors and correct lifestyles.

The paper highlights an accurate analysis of the problem and tries to address some open questions: how do we make the indications relative to the correct dietary behaviors feasible and practical? Do we know that the plans must be medium-long term and involve various levels of civil society and institution?  What measures and verifications must be implemented to facilitate this approach?
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