Climate changes - Climate changes, agriculture and food

An analysis of the potential impacts that climate change has on agricultural production, and on the availability of food and fresh water, with an assessment of the individual and collective behaviors to implement.

In the four IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) reports completed between 1990 and 2007, it was shown how climate change is a fact and greenhouse gas emissions produced by human activities were identified as playing a key role as the source of this phenomenon.

In the thirty years between 1970 and 2004, greenhouse gas emissions increased by 70% and were basically generated by five  sources: the supply of energy (26%),  industry (19%), deforestation and land use (17.4%), agriculture (14%), and transportation (13%). According to the data, agriculture and livestock production practices contribute greatly to climate change (both as direct producers of greenhouse gases and by influencing the rate of deforestation) and how climate change may affect agricultural activities.

The paper analyzes this complex interaction, forecasts scenarios, and offers solutions that allow for relocalization of agricultural production and the innovation of better management techniques for agri-food practices.