A decade to restore the earth and the oceans

Facing the triple threat of climate change, loss of nature and pollution, the world must deliver on its commitment to restore at least one billion degraded hectares of land in the next decade - an area the size of China. Countries also need to add similar commitments for oceans, according to a new report by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO), launched at the start of the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration 2021-2030. 

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Science Times

Global warming heading towards 1.5°C increase within 5 years

A new report by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) warns that the planet is heading for a 1.5°C increase in average global temperatures within the next five years. According to the agency, there is a 40% likelihood of hitting the limit that scientists regard as the “watershed”: the point beyond which there will be no turning back. 

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Ending tobacco farming could free up 4 million hectares of land

According to WHO estimates, reducing or eliminating tobacco cultivation could free up millions of hectares of land to dedicate to alternative crops, providing greater guarantees of food in countries where tobacco is prized above more useful crops. The biggest existing tobacco producers are China (39.6%), India (8.3%), Brazil (7.0%) and the USA (4.6%). 

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The Independent

Brazil is facing a water crisis

The South American country is facing one of the worst droughts of the last 90 years, causing more than a few concerns both in the hydroelectricity sector and regarding potential fires in the rainforest. The Electricity Sector Monitoring Committee (CMSE) should recognize a situation of “water scarcity” in the Parana River basin following a prolonged drought in the central and southern parts of Brazil. 

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The Guardian

In the UK, farm incomes have fallen by 20% in a year

The incomes of British farmers have dropped drastically due to poor weather, the pandemic and Brexit, wiping close to a million pounds off the farming economy. Income calculated annually by the government fell from nearly £5.2bn in 2019 to just over £4.1bn in 2020, the lowest value in real terms since 2007. 

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Straits Times

Nature protection funding must triple by 2030

Global annual spending to protect and restore nature needs to triple this decade to around US$ 350 billion by 2030 and rise to US$ 536 billion by 2050, according to a UN report. US$ 8 trillion are estimated to be required by the middle of the century to safeguard natural systems. 

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