Together to fight the big paradoxes concerning food.

Over the course of 2014, the BCFN Foundation developed the Milan Protocol, whose objective was to raise awareness among governments, institutions and public opinion about the urgent need to take action to make the global food system truly sustainable.
The BCFN Foundation for food sustainability


We produce enough food to eliminate hunger entirely, but there are 795 million people who suffer hunger each day, while 2.1 billion people are obese or overweight. This contradiction is the result of an unbalanced lifestyle and a series of profound and complex failures within our systems of production, trade and distribution, as well as in education.
The BCFN Foundation - How to resolve the first paradox of the food system
BCFN Foundation - Food access and excess


To deal with this incredible paradox and act on both the structural and cyclical causes, it is necessary to:

• Strengthen global governance of the global food system and ensure access to food through agricultural, non-industrial and trade policies;

• Review the use of natural resources, especially those in the first stage of the food chain (agriculture);

• Intervene on the supply chain and the management of volatile prices to help establish fair conditions that are able to stimulate investment, remunerate the factors of production and increase opportunities for access to food;

• Reduce the amount of waste along the entire food chain;

• Promote more sustainable eating habits, and healthy, balanced eating requirements from a nutritional point of view;

• Invest in the education of rural populations in developing countries. A 100% increase in access to primary school education could lead to a 20-24% reduction in food insecurity.


The concept of sustainability is linked to an ancient idea: time. It is the ability to maintain ecological processes which occur inside an ecosystem into the future. It is the idea of having a sense of responsibility for new generations. Sustainability must be the guiding principle of every human activity; this principle must guide us in defining the priorities for humanity and the planet: it is a priority to eliminate world hunger or use 40% of global cereal resource to sustain breeding and fuels? This is one of the challenges we have been called to face by making responsible decisions.
The BCFN Foundation - How to resolve the second paradox of the food system
BCFN Foundation - Use of natural resources


• Make more efficient use of natural resources.

• Conserve, protect and improve natural resources.

• Propose a method of agriculture which protects and improves the equality and quality of social welfare in rural areas.

• Focus attention on the resilience of people, communities and ecosystems.

• Implement political action that is responsible and efficient whose purpose is the sustainability of the agricultural system.


Food waste is an economic and moral issue, as well as a serious environmental concern: food waste decomposing in landfill releases methane gas, a greenhouse gas 20 times stronger than carbon dioxide. Each year we waste 1/3 of the global production of food during the food chain in the processes of preservation, transformation, distribution and consumption; an equivalent to four times the quantity required to feed the millions of undernourished people in the world. We need to become more aware of this contradiction and find ways to adopt behaviours more in line with the need for food access for all.
The BCFN Foundation - How to resolve the third paradox of the food system
BCFN Foundation - Food waste


• Agree upon a shared definition for food loss and food waste.

• Give priority to policies aimed at reducing food waste which deal with the causes of this phenomenon and define a hierarchy for the use of foods, as identifying the nature of food loss and waste is essential to eradicating hunger on a global level.

• Recognise the positive contribution made by long-term cooperation and agreements with regard to the food chain (between growers, producers and distributors) to carry out the improved planning and forecasting of consumer demand.

• Provide the support necessary to set up awareness raising initiatives, even on the part of professionals in the food industry.


Organisations and institutions

Articles attached

Food and sustainability

Tristram Stuart: leading the fight against food waste

An unflinching daily commitment and countless innovative ideas are key to the success of the initiatives created by the British activist with a firm belief that the best way to celebrate food is to stop throwing it away.
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Food and sustainability

Selina Juul: the Dane at the forefront of the fight against food waste

At the helm of the biggest NGO in Denmark, the activist has won some key victories in the battle against food waste with the help of individual consumers and international organisations.

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Food and society

BCFN Forum 2016: eat better, eat less, food for all

A string of discussions, scientific data and innovative ideas. All this and much more at the 7th BCFN Forum on Food and Nutrition held in Milan on the 1st December.
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